3 reasons why India should move its rural population to cities en mass

rural-to-urbanWhenever someone tries to say that India should reform its economy and move towards open market, many, and mind you ‘many’ people start to question it on the basis that it will not be good for the 70% of rural population. Let us discuss the possible solution to this potential problem. How can we effectively improve the condition of rural India and take them with the progressing economy?

We cannot let our villages remain untouched from this new revolution. Though whole urban India (whether small towns or big cities) is ready to go with pace, rural India is still maintaining its neharuvian rate of growth (3-4%). Our government will not be able to provide the subsidies to agricultural sector anymore, people should understand this. It is a large drag on economy. I agree that agriculture is our weak link right now, so we have to find the solution. Hiding the problem (protecting the agriculture from global competition) can be a temporary solution, but not the permanent one.

Permanent solution is to move Indian rural population to the cities en mass. Let me present some reasons, why it is an almost only solution.

  1. Releasing the pressure on agricultural land: The main problem of our villages is the over population. There are 10 people working on same land where 2 are more than sufficient. I have seen this situation in my own village also, which is in western UP. People are working in fields just to get the basic necessities. They are not trying hard, because there is no more land. Other option is leaving the village. Leaving the village brings the uncertainty to life, so a difficult option without a good education. This is a very dangerous problem, because in statistics it shows the unemployment rate very low compare to the factual one. Due to increasing population fields are getting small. In some areas they are so small that it is not even profitable to do agriculture there anymore. If we can move at least 40% population out of current 70% population from villages, agriculture will not be a suicidal business anymore. Those who will remain in village, have a much better life than now. It will not affect the overall production as there will be no pseudo-employment anymore, but will increase the productivity by around 100%.
  2. Employing new urban entrants in new centers of service sector: This new urban population should be utilized to improve the already good service sector. In this sector there are always new opportunities, as this sector does not follow the Malthus’s law and it is better to have high level of population for service sector. Cheap labor and new coming investment can work wonder for our economy. These new temples of India should be located in BIMARU (Bihar, MP, Rajsthan, UP, Odisha) states, so that we can remove the economic unbalance among states and to some extent can control the problem of Bihari labors being harassed in some states.
  3. Possible to provide good governance: It is easier for government to provide the infrastructure and services in urban India compare to rural India. Education, health facilities, power, water are easier to be managed and less costly to provide in cities than villages. “It is still easier to live in slums than in remote areas” – though it is a hard statement, but I am afraid it is true. Also with less population in villages, it will be easier in villages itself.

So dear friends, it is no more “Mera gaon, mera desh”. Let us think what is good in a long term. It is going to happen anyway in some next decades to follow. But we will be in great advantageous position, if we can accelerate this process.


6 thoughts on “3 reasons why India should move its rural population to cities en mass

  1. yes, in current scenario we need to find solutions so that we shouldn’t have to give additional support to agriculture sector and best solution is to release pressure from agriculture land(mind you i am not suggesting mass migration but to make opportunities so that rural population doesn’t have to rely only on cultivation).Frankly speaking Indian cities are overloaded they can only sustain linear increment in population, any sort of mass migration will crumble them, we need to provide major infrastructure dose to 2 tier and 3 tier cities as they would be hot spot of our economic transformation and they can become back offices of service sector. As I mentioned above there should be emphasis on how rural areas can also be used for other means of living than cultivation, if we provide proper governance without corruption to every village then small scale industries can be spawned but the basic requirement is to make sure there should be proper connectivity (right now roads and then information connectivity), power supply and security. We need to expand our infrastructure not to make it cities centric, it may look lucrative that we should make our cities super glamorous and make them maximum cities but in long run it will not be helpful and there is major fear that if doesn’t make our manpower educated enough and blindly persuade them for migration then it will result in increase of crime, so my thought is that today people are smart enough to know if they have caliber then they should move to big cities for opportunities these are people of small town and which is success story of today’s India and for rest let there own back home (village and small town) have enough opportunity for them.


  2. >> “we need to provide major infrastructure dose to 2 tier and 3 tier cities as they would be hot spot of our economic transformation and they can become back offices of service sector.”

    That is what I meant by new temples of India,
    Though people are smart enough to think for themselves but providing incentives, and mobilizing them should be done by government. Also the model of small home side industry has not worked, because they cannot provide the competition in market. Investing in that fool’s errand will cost us dearly with no good return. I know, it is hard to accept that model suggested by Mahatma Gandhi is not working. But look around you, does anyone want to wear khadi ashram cloths anymore? If we insist on providing help to those small industries, we shall be wasting money and on the other hand there are better options available by employing cutting edge technology in big industries. I am not opposed to small industries, but only if it is not compromising with the quality


  3. Some facts about small scale industries of India:
    •It comprise 40% of total industrial output of India
    •It shares 35% in total export of India
    •It employs 17 million people in 3.2 million industrial units
    •The importers are mostly developed nations ex. Indian leather products are imported by Italy (still some “Indians” doubt quality of these products)
    •The modern small scale industries are :
    oGlass and ceramics
    oLeather products
    oPaper products
    oPlastic products
    oChemical products and believe me its just tip of iceberg (god knows why still for some people “small scale industry = khadi ashram”)

    I had gone through these details only to show the potential of small scale industries. Still if any one has any doubt he/she can visit http://www.laghu-udyog.com/ (official site by government of India).

    I am not saying that India should not go for big industries, off course we also need to be master in cutting edge technology so that we can lead in world but only focusing on them is simply not “economically” good for India.

    Again I will say I strongly oppose the vary idea of moving rural population in mass in cities because:
    •Our cities can not handle this migration
    •This will lead to kind of development of nation in patches(major cities) but I am instead we need decentralized industrial expansion to make sure development gives benefit to one who needs it most
    •This does not support equitable distribution of income
    •Most importantly because we don’t need this

    P.S. – by taking name of some renowned personality to satisfy some political ego is not good, who the hell cares who one gives which model, if it is good for country then should be applied and if not good then definitely be discarded, it’s binary.


  4. frankly I seriously PRAY to god people like you never get through civil services – which I think is your only dream in life. Guys like you who think they are too smart do more damage than politicians. Moving people en-masse to the cities – dude do you even know what you are saying !! I mean I want to start writing a reply but what you said is so stupid that I don’t know where to start. Do you know what problems slum-dwellers are facing in the cities ? It is WORSE than villages. Do you know cities like Delhi are crumbling under their own weights and transport, sewage and food-security is just imploding under the population burden already. anyways, there is so much to say that suddenly I feel it is pointless talking any more…
    I think you should worry more about your CPI and your courses… leave the national issues to people who have better sense than you.


  5. @kp
    thanks for comments,
    have you been to any village in Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand and even some part of UP. You will understand why I am saying so. Life in slums is still better than those places. Have you ever heard any slumdweller eating his/her own baby, because he/she had lost all food in flood, drought etc.
    In village, sometimes it happens 😦

    and about my dream of IAS, let us just say, it is only a step for me, not only dream 🙂
    see you again


  6. i m totally disagree to this topic.let us consider such type of migration takes place in future,then what will happen do u know? Population density will increase in urban, sanitation b com too poor,b cause all of us r well known abt our systems . And abt agriculture the skilled and exprnced labour(though they havnt any dgree) move to cities,who will cultivate the better land.dont polute ur mind and cities both…. It is not possible for devloping india…..and oyyyyy i am not IAS …….but a farmer who have better scence than an IAS………..


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